Bangladesh is experiencing demographic, epidemiologic and nutritional transition. Despite remarkable success made in the health sector by managing communicable diseases, issue of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), thalassemia, cancer, autism etc are largely unexplored in Bangladesh. According to WHO, NCDs account for 61 % of total deaths in this country. These chronic diseases are now the leading causes of death and disability. According to WHO, nearly 80% of NCD deaths occur in developing countries. In 2008, nearly 63% of NCDs related deaths are mainly due to CVDs, diabetes, cancers and chronic respiratory diseases. The social, economic and health costs of chronic diseases are enormous. Productivity is lost significantly due to reduced workforce participation. The high cost of treatment and management of chronic diseases (e.g. thalassemia, diabetes, CVDs, cancer) drive a family into poverty. Considering the country’s need, BRF is dedicated to addressing these noncommunicable diseases to improve the quality of life of Bangladeshi people. By addressing local problems, BRF aims to contribute to the global community.
Considering the country’s need, BRF focuses on the following research areas-
- Estimation of chronic disease burden
- Investigation of risk factors of chronic diseases as well as research into early diagnosis, better treatment and survival.
- Community-based observational studies, as well as action-oriented research – e.g. implementation, impact, operational, evaluation studies.
- Analysis of cost for caring and managing of chronic diseases.
- Innovative community-based interventions to prevent and manage chronic diseases
- Creating, maintaining or facilitating new ways for medical facilities and practices to keep electronic health records
- Improving communication between healthcare providers and facilities for better patient outcomes.
- Environmental health monitoring by measuring the level of pollutants
- Association of environmental risk factor (synthetic pollutants) with cancer and other chronic diseases.